Before taking a look at the services we offer, if you
need to get an idea on the different video formats, and
how each one operates, and what formats are used in
different countries, please visit our
What can we do
with a VHS tape?
A VHS tape can be in one of
three formats: NTSC, PAL, SECAM.
NTSC: US & Canada and some other locations (check
PAL/ME-Secam: Europe, Eastern Europe and Asia
SECAM: Limited incompatible system originated in
France, and adopted by the Eastern Communist Regimes,
We can do the following:
-Convert from PAL/MESECAM to
NTSC: PAL VHS >> NTSC VHS
-Convert from NTSC to PAL:
VHS >> PAL VHS
-Copy from VHS to another VHS:
Copy NTSC VHS >> NTSC VHS
Copy PAL VHS >> PAL VHS
NTSC (National Television System Committee)
(also lovingly referred
to by engineers as "Never The Same Color" owing to the
system's inherent difficulty in maintaining color
The NTSC standard was introduced in the
US in 1941 as the first set of standard protocols for
television. It is used predominantly throughout the USA,
Canada, & Japan but has also been adopted elsewhere.
NTSC has 525 lines displayed at 30 frames per second in
a 2:1 interleave. It has a lower resolution than PAL or
SECAM but a faster frame rate, which reduces flicker.
Though color stability is acceptable, broadcast of the
composite signal often results in reflections and
multi-path signals being received by the antenna. The
result: phase distortion resulting in varying color.
Engineers lovingly defined NTSC as actually meaning
"Never The Same Color".
The first broadcasts were made in 1939,
transmitting 340 lines at 30 frames/sec, as demonstrated
at the opening of the New York World's Fair. As there
were no standards set at that time, there were a mish
mash of other systems soon to be adopted - each one
incompatible with the other. This was clearly going to
be a format disaster if the various manufacturers were
left to their own competitive devices. The FCC finally
stepped in to the confused mayhem and founded the NTSC
who set the standards in use today.
□ Initially adopted in 1941 and modified
in 1953 to include the standards for color.
□ Additional stereo specs were adopted in 1986 and the
digital standard adopted in 1996.
□ The actual spec in use today is NTSC-M though it's
just called NTSC (We have a habit of abbreviating
A variation of NTSC-M where a
525/59.94 NTSC signal is encoded using the PAL
subcarrier frequency and chroma modulation. It is NOT
PAL, nor is it it encoded as PAL, but rather it is
NTSC color just using PAL's subcarrier frequency. Most
(but not all) multi-system Vcr's will support this
mode, but only multi-standard monitors are capable of
PAL, PAL-N, PAL-M (Phase Alternation
Developed by Walter Bruch at Telefunken
Germany (German State Television) and is used in much of
western Europe, Asia, throughout the Pacific and
southern Africa. PAL has a higher resolution than NTSC
with 625 lines, but refreshes at only 25 frames per
Thus, folks in the States may notice the
slight flicker of a PAL video, having become used to the
higher frame rate of NTSC. However PAL offers
noticeably improved resolution and color stability.
After several minutes of viewing a PAL video, our brains
compensate, and the flicker becomes un-noticeable.
Pal-B, G, H, I and D as far as the
actual video is concerned, are all the same format. That
is: they are all PAL. There is no difference. All use
the 625/50 line/field rate, scan at 15,625 h-lines/sec
and use a 4.433618 color subcarrier frequency. The only
difference is in how the signal is modulated for
broadcast. Thus the B, G, H, I & D designate broadcast
variations as opposed to any variation of the video
format. PAL-I for example, has been allocated a wider
bandwidth than PAL-B, necessitating that the sound
carrier is placed 6Mhz above the picture instead of 5.5
MHz above the picture carrier. Thus a PAL-I TV (the
United Kingdom for example) will get no sound if taken
to the Netherlands for example (PAL-B) if all the TV's
tuner is able to decode is PAL-I. (Fortunately, most
European tuners support most of the broadcast variations
This is why for example, you won't
find a standards converter that will convert a video
from PAL-B to PAL-I. There's simply nothing to
convert.....They are already the same PAL format. There
are major differences between PAL-M and PAL-N however,
that would require conversion, as the line/field rate
and color subcarrier frequencies are different from
There are two variations that have
been developed: PAL-M and PAL-N. The main differences
between PAL and PAL-M is a lower resolution (525 lines
instead of 625) and a higher frame count (30 frames
per second at 60Hz versus 25 frames per second at
50Hz). PAL-M grew out of NTSC as an attempt to correct
the inherent color problems of NTSC. PAL-M is
essentially PAL at NTSC line and frame rates. The only
major difference is how the color is processed. ie:
the sub-carrier frequency.
PAL-N is effectively PAL (identical
frame/scan rate), but uses a 3.582056 MHz chroma
subcarrier. PAL-N in engineering circles is known as
"Chrominance Lock Technique". Without going
into a long technical dissertation on PAL subcarrier
like we did with NTSC, PAL-N was simply a more
sophisticated delay-line technique which could better
track and cancel differential phase distortions
especially encountered in remote/mountainous areas.
With subsequent improvements in tuners and filtering
techniques, the reality was, that it didn't "buy" much
and was never widely adopted. The only countries
employing PAL-N are Argentina, Paraguay & Uruguay.
Note that attempting to display a PAL signal on a
PAL-N monitor will result in only a monochrome image.
PAL B, G, H
Color Sub Carrier
PAL in part, came about as a result
of NTSC's weakness in the area of color stability. It
circumvented NTSC's inherent problems by inverting the
color phase by 180 degrees on every other line. If the
color drifted off by Plus 5 degrees on line 100 for
example, then on line 101 the color drifted back minus 5
deg. since the color phase reference was inverted every
other line. True, the color errors were still there, but
the human eye and brain are wonderfully marvelous
devices.... the image processing center of our brains
integrate the interleaving lines smoothly all into one
coherent corrected image. The effect is that phase
shifts are effectively cancelled out using our human
brain as a super high speed image integrating processor.
This very trait is where PAL got it's
name---- Phase Alternation by Line.... which leads us
to the next world standard.
Couleur À Mémoire)
SECAM was developed in France and is used in France
and it's territories, much of Eastern Europe, Russia,
the Middle East and northern Africa. This system uses
the same resolution of PAL, 625 lines, and frame rate,
25 per second, but the way SECAM processes the color
information is not compatible with PAL (or anything else
on the planet for that matter....)
SECAM uses an FM color subcarrier that carries the
color difference signals somewhat similar to PAL. But
instead of all the color difference information being
transmitted all at once, in SECAM the color difference
signals are transmitted sequentially ...... that is:
R-Y on one line and B-Y on the next. A delay line in the
receiver provides the necessary time delay for making
R-Y and B-Y available for display at the same time and
thus the term "Memoire" as part of the standard's name.
SECAM was not developed for any technical reason of
merit (as was PAL) but was mainly invoked as a
political statement, as well as to protect the French
manufacturers from stiff foreign competition. In that
regard, they were highly successful !.....
Reminds one of the classic lines from Star Wars -
The Empire Strikes Back.... Where Hans Solo is about
to deliberately fly into an asteroid field to avoid
the Empire's perusing Tie Fighters.......
Princess Leia: You're not actually going IN to
an asteroid field ?
Han Solo: They'd be crazy to follow us,
wouldn't they ?
Likewise, no other foreign manufacturer in their
right mind had any burning desire to commit economic
suicide by having to deal with and support such a
limited market that was incompatible with everything
else on the planet.
The Eastern Block countries during the cold war
adopted variations of SECAM simply because it WAS
incompatible with everything else !
If that wasn't bad enough, there are other variations
of SECAM: SECAM-L (also known as French SECAM) used in
France and its' now former territories, MESECAM and
SECAM-D which is used primarily in the C.I.S. and the
former Eastern Block countries. Naturally, none of the
three variations are compatible with even one another.
They couldn't even agree on a single incompatible
standard even amongst themselves....
A Solution of Sorts
MESECAM stands for Middle East Systeme
Electronique Couleur Avec Memoire.. It is a modified
variant of SECAM used for recording SECAM on videotape
only. This variation of SECAM is never broadcast but is
just a less expensive way to record SECAM on a video
tape. Thus, you'll never see MESECAM listed in any of
the world standards charts, for as just stated, it is a
format which is never broadcast.
So why would anyone in their right
mind who is not a glutton for punishment, ever want to
create a format
that is never broadcast, you're probably asking ?
Well, it all came about owing to the
limited number of units of SECAM equipment manufactured.
SECAM equipment; televisions in particular, are quite
expensive, since the economic efficiencies of high
volume mass production and competitive market forces
could never be realized. PAL televisions however, are
"dirt cheap" by comparison. Europe is swimming in the
things ! Short of totally scrapping SECAM, what was
needed was a way for SECAM video tapes to be played back
on inexpensive PAL televisions. The answer: MESECAM
MESECAM allows a standard SECAM
signal to be slightly modified and recorded on tape that
is close enough to PAL, so that SECAM programs can be
played back on a standard PAL television. Thus many so
called SECAM recorders aren't true SECAM recorders at
all. They internally convert SECAM to MESECAM. MESECAM
is the actual format written to tape.
The price that's paid for this
"wonderful" cross compatibility, is that MESECAM differs
from regular SECAM in how the color component is
processed. SECAM uses an FM modulated subcarrier whereas
MESECAM uses an AM modulated subcarrier. Naturally, the
two systems as far as color is concerned are
incompatible. Color recordings will only play back in
black and white between SECAM and MESECAM systems. Thus
an MESECAM VCR is required to play MESECAM tapes in
They couldn't have it both ways !
In a few words most tapes out there
are actually in MESECAM Format, hence can be played on
PAL Vcr or can be converted to NTSC by us, to watch in
Canada & US. If you are unlucky enough to have an actual
Secam tape you can do one of few things:
1.Wrap it carefully in plastic, it may be a collectors
2.Play it on a PAL VCR ( will be black and white, voice
may be distorted)
3. Get yourself a Secam VCR, Secam TV and power
4. Find a film studio with the necessary equipment to
The above info was obtained from :
What can we do
with a DVD disc?
A DVD disc can first have video in either PAL or NTSC.
Most DVD players play both Pal and Ntsc without trouble
whether in Europe or North America. Unfortunately some
of the brand name high end players (Sony, Pioneer) have
trouble playing Pal discs. Secondly a DVD disc has
region code 1-8. In order for it to play on your DVD
player the region code of the disc and Player must
correspond unless your DVD player is MultiRegion. (Most
burned DVD-R are coded as region 0, Nero burning
software does this, check with the company that has
provided your burning software for more details)
1: U.S., Canada,
2: Japan, Europe, South Africa, and Middle East (including
3: Southeast Asia and East Asia (including Hong Kong)
4: Australia, New Zealand, Pacific Islands, Central America,
Mexico, South America, and the Caribbean
5: Eastern Europe (Former Soviet Union), Indian subcontinent,
Africa, North Korea, and Mongolia
8: Special international venues (airplanes, cruise ships,
(Sometimes a DVD has no region code imprint at all, hence
What can we do:
All DVDs we make are MultiRegion DVDs
-Make a DVD MultiRegion without changing its NTSC or PAL
video: Copy DVD DISC >> MultiRegion DVD Disc (Same
-Change an NTSC DVD to PAL or vice versa (*
this requires that the video is extracted
from the DVD and converted completely, hence any menus
in the original DVD will not be on the converted copy,
we will add our custom made menus to the disc):
Region 1-8 PAL DVD >> NTSC MultiRegion DVD
Region 1-8 NTSC DVD >> PAL MultiRegion DVD
-Copy a DVD into VHS: Any DVD >> NTSC VHS
ANY DVD >> PAL VHS
Digitize Your Movies
If you have VHS tapes we can also convert the analog
video to digital and have your favorite movies, family
films or videos put into a DVD Disc.
You can choose from one of these options:
NTSC VHS >> NTSC MultiRegion DVD
NTSC VHS >> PAL MultiRegion DVD
VHS >> NTSC MultiRegion DVD
VHS >> PAL MultiRegion DVD
The DVD sizes can be
a bit confusing. There are basicly 4 different DVD
DVD-5, holds around 4 700 000 000 bytes
and that is 4.37 GB where 1 kbyte is 1024 bytes. DVD+R/DVD+RW
and DVD-R/DVD-RW supports this format. Also called
Single Sided Single Layered. This is the most
common DVD Media, often called 4.7 GB Media.
*This is the discs we
DVD-9, holds around 8 540 000 000 bytes
and that is 7.95 computer GB. DVD+R supports this
format. Also called Single Sided Dual Layered.
This media is called DVD-R9, DVD-R DL, DVD+R9, DVD+R DL
or 8.5 GB Media.
DVD-10, holds around 9 400 000 000 bytes and
that is 8.75 computer GB. DVD+R/DVD+RW and DVD-R/DVD-RW
supports this format. Also called Double Sided Single
DVD-18, holds around 17 080 000 000 bytes and
that is 15.9 computer GB. DVD+R supports this format.
Also called Double Sided Dual Layered.
* *In the computer world is 1 KB data = 1024 bytes
so 4 700 000 000 bytes / 1024 = 4 589 843KB / 1024 =
4482MB / 1024 = 4.37GB.
Currently we can only convert 8mm tapes recorded with a
North American NTSC camcorder.
What Can We Do:
-Convert 8mm tape to VHS: NTSC 8mm/Hi8/Di8 >>
NTSC 8mm/Hi8/Di8 >> NTSC VHS
-Convert 8mm tape to DVD: NTSC 8mm/Hi8/Di8 >> PAL
NTSC 8mm/Hi8/Di8 >> NTSC MultiRegion DVD
How to Order:
Go to our Order
Choose the format of
your original copy.
Select the length of
the tape you are converting:
Minimum time is 1hr
If your video is less than or equal to 30 min past the
hour round down (eg. for 1:30 and under, only order 1
If your video is more than or equal to 31 min
past the hour round up (eg. for 3:31 and higher order 4 hours)
Chose the type of
conversion in General
Choose the specific
conversion type you desire
Choose the quantity of blank tapes/DVDs
Choose method by which
we will receive your media:
If you live in
Toronto, we can pick up if the area is serviced by TTC
(pick up at your home or another location) for a small
You can drop your
media off at St. Clair Ave W and Oakwood Ave at no
You can also ship the
item to us (at your own expense)
Choose method by
which you want to receive your original and converted
media back (Returning):
In Toronto areas
serviced by TTC we can drop off for a fee.
You can pick up your media at St. Clair Ave W
and Oakwood Ave for free
We can ship the
item to you (charges differ for within Ontario &
Rest of Canada, and in the US).
Select a Reason for
Converting (just to give us an idea on how to best serve
Click Add to Cart & Show Costs
After pressing the
submit button a new page will pop up (the shopping cart)
If you have pop up
blockers please ensure that these are not blocking the
page from opening.
If you closed the page
use the Show Cart Contents button to see your cart
If you need to erase
items, enter "0" for quantity and click Recalculate.
Make sure 10 items
appear in your cart
(some of them may
have a charge of $0, that's okay)
If you chose to
have us dropoff your order, or you will pickup
can pick up your media at St. Clair Ave W and
Oakwood Ave for free
) choose Toronto
If you chose for
us to ship the item back to you chose whether you
reside in Ontario, elsewhere in Canada, US, or
International, then click Recalculate and the
shipping charges for that location will appear
Use any coupon/voucher codes
you may have
Enter a note or
comment, then click Submit.
Fill out the required
address information with your correct address and your
Also choose PayPal
if you do not have a PayPal account, but want to
pay with a credit card (Visa/MasterCard/American
Express- careful as Paypal charges AMEX in US funds
only, so if you have a Canadian AMEX, you probably would
want to use a Visa or MasterCard instead).
Depending on which checkout screen you are presented
with, simply choose I don't have an
Account, or Secure Checkout, then proceed to pay directly by Credit
3-7 days to clear.
Cash is only
available for pick up/drop off orders within the Toronto
area served by TTC
Money orders and
cheques (personal cheques are fine) must be from a
Canadian Institution only.
If you are a US resident
may need to provide an International Postal Money
order (more information about this will be communicated
to you upon submitting an order).
Personal Cheques and Money Orders may require
Transfer from a Canadian Institution
If you require more info on
our services or policies check the
FAQ section, the
online Blogger system,
Terms and Services (you must agree to these
before completing a purchase.), or feel free to